Cleaner seas and coastlines with green shipping
Norway is a leader in the transformation towards safer and decarbonized shipping. New fuel solutions and technology, including the digital transformation of the maritime industry contributes to the development of green shipping.
Although shipping is the most efficient mode of cargo transport, maritime transport emits around 940 million metric tons of CO₂. This is roughly 2.5 per cent of total global emissions.
Giving industry a push
In order to facilitate a green revolution in shipping, the private and public sectors in Norway joined forces and established the Green Shipping Programme.The programme has taken its cue from Silicon Valley and is launching pilot projects as early as possible. New solutions are implemented quickly and further developed from there in direct dialogue with customers.Twenty large-scale pilot projects have been launched thus far. These include a hydrogen-powered speed boat, a bunkering vessel and Teekay hybrid shuttle tankers, as well as two projects to develop green ports.
Unmanned ships and hybrid ferries
Another pilot project is the world’s first autonomous, fully electric container ship, Yara Birkeland. It is being built by the Norwegian fertiliser company Yara, with KONGSBERG delivering all key technologies. The vessel was originally scheduled for launch in 2020, but the project has been put on hold due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
As for passenger transport, requirements for energy efficiency and emissions are now weighted in all public procurement tenders for ferries in Norway. Thanks to this, there will be a total of 70 all-electric and hybrid ferries in operation along the Norwegian coastline by 2021.
New requirements have been introduced for the cruise industry as well. All cruise ships and ferries in World Heritage fjords must be emission-free from 2026.
The rise in electric ferries also brings with it additional investments in battery and charging technology. Wärtsilä, for instance, has already developed a wireless instant charging system for electric ferries based on ground-breaking research from SINTEF Energy Research.
New green fuels
Hydrogen is a promising green fuel, particularly for short sea shipping, as hydrogen fuel cells have no other emissions than heat and water. Two pilots under the Green Shipping Programme are exploring building a hydrogen ship and hydrogen infrastructure, respectively. The Norwegian company HYON is involved in both projects, and specialises in complete, tailor-made solutions for a broad range of vessels.
Ports, too, have an important role to play in making shipping greener. When ships are docked, they often rely on polluting diesel generators for their power. Add to this the number of electric vessels that need charging, and the demand for port electrification is clear.With Europe’s largest shore power facility, Port of Bergen in Western Norway has already made great strides in electrification. The port has also introduced a new environmental reporting tool to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and air pollution from cruise ships moored in port.